Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of withdrawal of tyrosine kinase inhibitors after previous two-step dose reduction in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in deep molecular remission
This phase II trial investigates how well elotuzumab works in treating patients with JAK2-mutated myelofibrosis. Elotuzumab may help to control myelofibrosis and/or help to improve blood cell count and bone marrow function.
This phase II trial studies how well enasidenib and azacitidine work in treating patients with IDH2 gene mutation and acute myeloid leukemia that has come back (recurrent) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Enasidenib and azacitidine may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
This is a phase 1b/2, open-label, single arm study to evaluate if enasidenib is safe and effective in improving anemia and decreasing transfusion needs in subjects diagnosed with lower risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or nonproliferative chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) without a mutation in isocitrate dehydrogenase type 2 (IDH2 wildtype). Other objectives include assessment of improvements in platelet production and characterization of the mechanism of action of enasidenib in enhancing endogenous erythropoiesis.
The primary purpose of this multi-centre, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind phase II study is to investigate if oral vitamin C may change the biology of low-risk myeloid malignancies; i.e., clonal cytopenia of undetermined significance (CCUS), low-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML)-0/1 by reversing the epigenetic changes characteristic of these disease entities. The epigenetic regulator TET2 is the gene most often affected in CCUS. Preclinical studies have shown that active demethylation by the TET enzymes is dependent on vitamin C, and the investigators and collaborators have...
Multicentric prospective and retrospective register collecting patient with CML blast crisis diagnosed in Germany and Europe
Imatinib has revolutionized the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and is the current standard of care in the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed CML. However, about 30% of patients still show drug resistance or disease progression. Currently, the most widely studied mechanism of TKI resistance in CML patients is mutations in the ABL kinase region. So far, more than 100 kinase domain mutations have been found in disease progression and imatinib resistance. It is estimated that more than 25% of CML patients will change TKI at least once in their lifetime due to drug resistance or intolerance. The 2020 edition of the...
According to the French National Cancer Institute, 35 000 new hematologic cancers are observed in France representing 10% of the new cancers. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) is a cancer involving the bone marrow and blood cells, the median age at diagnosis is 53 years in the Western world. The prognosis is worse than many other cancers with net survival at 5 years of 26%. Since the approval of imatinib, additional tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been approved by the European Medicine Agency, including the second-generation TKIs nilotinib, dasatinib, and bosutinib and the third-generation TKI ponatinib. Despite their effect on...
Thrombosis is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). However, the pathogenesis of thrombosis in MPN is still largely elusive. Neutrophils can release their decondensed chromatin as a network of extracellular fibers named NET for "neutrophils extracellular trap". NETs are known to be procoagulant. Our main objective is to quantify NETs biomarkers expression in MPN patients and define if they could be used as prognostic factors in the outcome of thrombosis in these patients.
Gamma delta T-cells are part of the innate immune system with the ability to recognize malignant cells and kill them. This study uses gamma delta T-cells to maximize the anti-tumor response and minimize graft versus host disease (GVHD) in leukemic and myelodysplastic patients who have had a partially mismatched bone marrow transplant (haploidentical).