Imatinib has revolutionized the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and is the current standard of care in the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed CML. However, about 30% of patients still show drug resistance or disease progression. Currently, the most widely studied mechanism of TKI resistance in CML patients is mutations in the ABL kinase region. So far, more than 100 kinase domain mutations have been found in disease progression and imatinib resistance. It is estimated that more than 25% of CML patients will change TKI at least once in their lifetime due to drug resistance or intolerance. The 2020 edition of the...
According to the French National Cancer Institute, 35 000 new hematologic cancers are observed in France representing 10% of the new cancers. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) is a cancer involving the bone marrow and blood cells, the median age at diagnosis is 53 years in the Western world. The prognosis is worse than many other cancers with net survival at 5 years of 26%. Since the approval of imatinib, additional tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been approved by the European Medicine Agency, including the second-generation TKIs nilotinib, dasatinib, and bosutinib and the third-generation TKI ponatinib. Despite their effect on...
Thrombosis is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). However, the pathogenesis of thrombosis in MPN is still largely elusive. Neutrophils can release their decondensed chromatin as a network of extracellular fibers named NET for "neutrophils extracellular trap". NETs are known to be procoagulant. Our main objective is to quantify NETs biomarkers expression in MPN patients and define if they could be used as prognostic factors in the outcome of thrombosis in these patients.
Gamma delta T-cells are part of the innate immune system with the ability to recognize malignant cells and kill them. This study uses gamma delta T-cells to maximize the anti-tumor response and minimize graft versus host disease (GVHD) in leukemic and myelodysplastic patients who have had a partially mismatched bone marrow transplant (haploidentical).
This is an extension study after completion of Phase 2 single arm study to investigate efficacy and safety of P1101 for adult Japanese patients with PV.
This study is a prospective, non-randomized feasibility study. Freshly isolated tumor cells from patients will be screened using state-of-the-art viability assay designed for ex vivo high-throughput drug sensitivity testing (DST). In addition, genetic information will be obtained from cancer and normal (germline) tissue and correlated with drug response. This study will provide the platform for informing treating physician about individualized treatment options. The main outcome of this study will be the proportions of the patients whose treatment was guided by the personalized medicine approach.
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of a study drug called fedratinib in participants with myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPNs) and chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL).
For patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP) who have achieved a stable deep molecular response (DMR) using BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), treatment-free remission (TFR) following TKI cessation is an emerging goal. However, about half of the patients relapsed after TKI discontinuation. There is no definite examinations to predict the outcome of TKI discontinuation. Investigators aim to study the relationship between FLOR3 SNP rs139130389 and the outcome of TKI discontinuation.
This phase I trial studies the best dose and side effects of flotetuzumab for the treatment of patients with blood cancers (hematological malignancies) that have spread to other places in the body (advanced) and have come back after a period of improvement (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Flotetuzumab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread.
This phase Ib trial investigates the side effects and best dose of pegcrisantaspase when given together with fludarabine and cytarabine for the treatment of patients with leukemia that has come back (relapsed) or has not responded to treatment (refractory). Pegcrisantaspase may block the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs, such as fludarabine and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pegcrisantaspase in combination with fludarabine and cytarabine may work better in treating patients with...